Image Stripper Bikini

Image Stripper Bikini

  • Download Image Stripper Bikini0 Kb, free
  • Get ready for a treat! Just clear the covered picture to reveal the sizzling beauty. · You need to work your way to check out the Amazing Covered Image. · It has a very simple rule: Clear the covered Picture to get the (Babe!) Each Level, different (Babe!). · In Image Stripper, sizzling babes are not shy, but you need to reach them... · Avoid the Killer moving balls to save your life.

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